AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The examination will test the candidates’ ability to
(i) explain the concepts of differential character and the spatial relationships of the surface features of the earth;
(ii) explain the concepts of man- environment relations (i.e. to analyse the life of man within his physical and cultural environments and to explain their interactions);
(iii) demonstrate a basic knowledge of the nature and functioning of physical and human environments, particularly an understanding of their inter-relationships and the resulting issues;
(iv) organize and formulate principles according to acquired geographical concepts and then apply these principles to interpret and analyze spatial problems in the immediate and wider environments;
(v) demonstrate skills and techniques for accurate, orderly and objective geographical investigations to be carried out both in the classrooms and in the immediate environment;
(vi) communicate geographical ideas effectively through reports, graphs, charts, sketches, diagrams and maps;
(vii) explain the cultural, social and economic circumstances of people in their immediate environments and those of other countries within the sub-region.
ELEMENTS OF PRACTICAL AND PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
Maps: meaning, types and uses.
Map reading and interpretation based on contoured survey maps of parts of West Africa: scale, measurement of distances, direction and bearing, map reduction and enlargement, identification of physical features such as spurs, valleys, etc. and cultural features such as city walls, settlements, communication routes, etc.; measurement of gradients, drawing of cross profiles, inter-visibility, description and explanation of drainage characteristics and pattern; patterns of communication, settlement and land use.
Principles of elementary surveying
Definitions of terms, instruments, chain and prismatic compass, plotting of traverse, avoiding obstacles in the field
**Geographic Information System (GIS)
GIS: Basic concepts, components (hardware, software, data, procedures and experts); sources of data (land surveying, remote sensing, map digitizing, map scanning, field investigation and tabular data etc); uses (defence, agriculture, urban development, mapping, surveying, transportation, census etc), problems (power, personnel, capital etc).
Statistical maps and diagrams
Graphical representation of statistical data: Bar graphs, Line graphs, flow charts, dot maps, proportional circles, density maps, isopleth maps
Elements of Physical Geography
The earth as a planet in relation to the sun, latitude and distance, longitude and time, earth’s rotation and revolution and their effects, structure of the earth (internal and external).
** (c ) Climate change
Rainfall, sunshine, air pressure, wind, humidity, temperature and cloud. Factors affecting climatic elements e.g. altitude, latitude, ocean currents, land and sea breezes, continentality, aspect. Interpretation of climatic charts and data
Major types of climate (Hot climate – Equatorial, Tropical Continental, Desert; Temperate climate – warm and cool). Classification of climate based on Greek and Koppen. Meaning, causes, effects and remedies
ECONOMIC AND HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
(i) World Population
Factors and patterns of growth, distribution and movement, growth rate problems.
Types (rural and urban); patterns and factors affecting location; growth and size; functions of rural and urban settlements; interaction patterns( urban-rural, rural-urban, urban-urban, rural-rural); migration.
Modes (roads, railways, water, air, pipeline, cables, ropeways etc.) Transportation and economic development (movement of people and commodities, national and international trade, diffusion of ideas and technology, national integration); problems of transportation and their solutions.
Classification (primary, secondary and tertiary); types (heavy and light industry); factors of industrial location; contributions to development; problems/solutions.
Meaning, types (national and international), reasons for trade, importance. Meaning, centres, reasons (leisure, recreation, education etc ); importance, problems and solutions.
ASPECTS OF REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY PECULIAR TO MEMBER COUNTRIES
REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY OF NIGERIA
(a) Nigeria on broad outline
(b) Physical setting
(k) Issues on development and environmental concerns
(m) Geo-political issues
Location, position, size, distance and political divisions.
Relief, drainage, climate, vegetation
Size, distribution, structure, population quality, population movement, population data ( sources and problems/solutions)
Mineral (petroleum, gas, coal, tin/columbite, iron ore, limestone)- distribution, methods of extraction, problems and solutions)
Power (Petroleum, gas, coal HEP, solar energy)
Water (rivers, lakes, dams, sea, underground water)
Vegetation (trees, food and cash crops; timber,etc)- forest, savanna, biosphere.
Types of agricultural practices, food and cash crops, importance, problems and solutions.
Mode, advantages and disadvantages, problems and solutions, influence of transportation on human activities.
Communication networks, advantages and disadvantages, importance, problems and solutions.
Definition, types, major industrial zones, factors of location, importance, problems and solutions.
Meaning, types (national and international), stock exchange, capital market, forex, major commercial areas, importance of commercial activities.
Meaning, centres, reasons for tourism, importance, problems and solutions.
Issues of Development and Environmental Conservation: Rural and regional development, resource management and conservation, environmental pollution e.g. air, water, soil, noise; waste disposal, etc.
Meaning, member countries, purposes/mandate, advantages/benefits, disadvantages, problems and solutions.
Geo-political issues-Land reclamation
REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICA
(a) Africa on broad outline
(b) Selected topics (i) Irrigation agriculture
(ii) Plantation agriculture
(iii) Oil production
(v) Gold Mining
(vi) Copper mining
Location, size, position, political divisions and associated islands, physical features and their economic importance (relief, drainage, climate and vegetation), distribution of minerals.
Irrigation agriculture in the Nile Basin and the Niger Basin.
Plantation agriculture in West and East Africa.
Oil production in Nigeria, Ghana and Libya.
Lumbering in Equatorial Africa (with particular reference to
Cote d’Ivoire and Zaire).
Gold mining in South Africa.
Copper mining in Zambia and Zaire
Population distribution in West Africa.
Meaning, member countries, purposes/mandate, advantages/benefits, disadvantages, problems and solutions
Fieldwork on any one of the following topics should be based on local geography of candidate’s home country. (This aspect of the syllabus should be examined by schools as part of the continuous assessment and should account for 25% of the total mark allotted to continuous assessment).
(i) Land use (rural or urban): rural – crop farming (e.g. rice, cocoa, etc. ) urban crop farming mining (e.g. coal, tin, petroleum etc.), fishing. urban – commercial activities, ports, factories, recreational etc. (ii) Market survey – rural or urban. (iii) Traffic flow – rural or urban. (iv) Patterns of journey to work – rural or urban. (v) Rate of erosion in the locality, etc.
Wishing you SPEED and ACCURACY!
- Lectures 66
- Quizzes 10
- Duration 40 minutes
- Skill level All levels
- Language English
- Students 54
- Assessments Yes
GEOGRAPHY PAST QUESTIONS
GEOGRAPHY LESSON NOTE
SSS 1 FIRST TERM
GEOGRAPHY LESSON NOTE
SSS 1 2ND TERM
GEOGRAPHY LESSON NOTE
SSS 1 3RD TERM NOTE
SSS 2 FIRST TERM
SSS 2 FIRST TERM
SSS 2 SECOND TERM
SSS 2 2ND TERM
SSS 2 THIRD TERM
SSS 2 3RD TERM
SSS 3 FIRST TERM
SSS 3 1ST TERM
SSS 3 SECOND TERM
SSS 3 2ND TERM